Atheism, Moral Psychology,
and the Rejection of a Personal God
in Early Alcoholics Anonymous

Carl Jung, Vocatus atque non vocatus Deus aderit, Whether called by name or not, God will be there

  This is a collection of articles on early AA figures who considered themselves to be atheists or agnostics, or who stressed the psychological aspects of the program far more strongly than the spiritual aspects, or who regarded the supreme principle of the universe as an impersonal absolute rather than a personal God.

  Jim Burwell: early AA's first famous atheist by Glenn F. Chesnut.  Jimmy Burwell's journey to sobriety and serenity, as given in the chapter on the Third Tradition in the Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions (1953), in his story "The Vicious Cycle" in the second edition of the Big Book (1955), and in his article "Sober For Thirty Years" which he published in the AA Grapevine in May 1968.

A nontheistic / atheistic way of working the twelve steps: William E. Swegan  A commentary by Glenn F. Chesnut on Chapter 18 in Swegan's book The Psychology of Alcoholism.
Recovery through the Twelve Steps by William E. Swegan, excerpts from Chapter 18 of his book, in which he goes through the steps one by one and explains his method for working each of them.

  The phrase in the Twelve Steps about "God as we understood Him" was probably drawn from the writings of Dr. Sam Shoemaker, the American head of the Oxford Group, with whom Ebby Thacher and Bill Wilson were in close contact when their little New York alcoholism recovery group was first being formed.